The Simple Past (گذشته ساده)

 The Simple Past (گذشته ساده)

 The Simple Past (گذشته ساده)

  1. نشان می دهد عملی در گذشته رخ داده و به پایان رسیده

 The Simple Past (گذشته ساده)

I visited Shiraz last week.
I saw a movie yesterday.
I didn’t see a play yesterday.
Last year, I traveled to Japan.
Last year, I didn’t travel to Korea.
Did you have dinner last night?
She washed her car.
He didn’t wash his car.

2. یک سری از اتفاق ها یا عادت ها که در گذشته رخ داده و به پایان رسیده

First I got up, then I had breakfast.
 I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim.
He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the others at 10:00.
Did you add flour, pour in the milk, and then add the eggs?
I studied French when I was a child.
He played the violin.
He didn’t play the piano.
Did you play a musical instrument when you were a kid?
She worked at the movie theater after school.
They never went to school, they always skipped class.
She was shy as a child, but now she is very outgoing.
He didn’t like tomatoes before.
Did you live in Texas when you were a kid?
People paid much more to make cell phone calls in the past.
I lived in Brazil for two years.
Shauna studied Japanese for five years.
They sat at the beach all day.
They did not stay at the party the entire time.
We talked on the phone for thirty minutes.
A: How long did you wait for them?
B: We waited for one hour.
طرز ساختن گذشته ساده
اگر به آخر افعال با قاعده d و یا ed اضافه شود بصورت گذشته در می آید ولی افعال بی قاعده قسمت دوم آنها گذشته می باشد.

در زیر یک لیست تقریباً کامل از افعال بی قاعده را می بینید.

برای دیدن افعال بی قاعده Irregular Verbs روی متن کلیک نمایید.

(حجم ۱۲ کیلوبایت – با نرم افزار Adobe Acrobat باز نمایید.)
طرز منفی و سوالی کردن گذشته ساده
برای منفی کردن جمله، اگر جمله دارای فعل کمکی بود، با آوردن آن به ابتدای جمله آن را سوالی می کنیم و با گذاردن کلمه not بعد از فعل کمکی آن را منفی می کنیم .

ولی اگر جمله دارای فعل کمکی نبود برای سوالی کردن did را قبل از فاعل آورده و فعل جمله را به زمان حال تبدیل کرده وبرای منفی کردن did not را بعد از فاعل می آوریم.