زمان گذشته کامل (ماضی بعید)

Past Perfect

 

زمان گذشته کامل (ماضی بعید)

 

فاعل+had+قسمت سوم فعل+ مفعول+…+گذشته ساده

گذشته کامل نشان می دهد که کاری در گذشته قبل از یک عمل گذشته دیگر انجام گرفته است.

دقت داشته باشید فرق گذشته کامل و گذشته کامل استمراری تنها در این است که ما در حالت استمرای بر تداوم کار تاکید داریم همین!

  •  
  • I had eaten lunch before you came.

قبل از اینکه تو بیای من شام خورده بودم.

  • I had seen that movie before you saw.
  • She had changed her hair style before we met her.
  • We had visited so many different places, before we came home.
  • I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.
  • I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet.
  • Tony knew Istanbul so well because he had visited the city several times.
  • Had Susan ever studied Thai before she moved to Thailand?
  • She only understood the movie because she had read the book.
  • Kristine had never been to an opera before last night.
  • We were not able to get a hotel room because we had not booked in advance.
  • A: Had you ever visited the U.S. before your trip in 2006?
    B: Yes, I had been to the U.S. once before.

 

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طرز شناختن گذشته کامل

جملات در زمان ماضی بعید با یک گذشته ساده همراه اند همچنین با کلمات ربط by the time, as soon as, be for, after
بیان می شوند.

Hassan had left as soon as we came here.

طرز ساختن ماضی بعید

این زمان به کمک فعل کمکی had همراه با اسم مفعول فعل ماضی ساخته می شود.

I had gone.
She had gone.

طرز منفی و سوالی کردن گذشته کامل

برای سوالی کردن فعل کمکی had را به ابتدای جمله می آوریم و برای منفی کردن کلمه not را بعد از فعل کمکی had قرار می دهیم.

  1. Had you cleaned up the mess by the time they came home?
  2. Had Adam ever spoken to the CEO before he was fired?
  1. What had they said that made him so angry?
  2. Why had he agreed to work for that salary?
  3. How much had he drunk before you got to him?
  1. I had not eaten at that restaurant before today.
  2. Samantha hadn’t had time to explain her side of the story.
  3. My friends hadn’t ever gone to France.
  4. My friends had never gone to the USA either.

تمرین:

جای خالی را باتوجه به کلمات درون پرانتز کامل کنید.

1) When I arrived at the cinema, the film ………………. (start).

2) She ………………… (live) in China before she went to Thailand.

3) After they ……………………… (eat) the shellfish, they began to feel sick.

4) If you ……………………….. (listen) to me, you would have got the job.

5) Julie didn’t arrive until after I ……………………… (leave).

6) When we …………………….. (finish) dinner, we went out.

7) The garden was dead because it ………………………… (be) dry all summer.

8) He ……………………. (meet) her somewhere before.

9) We were late for the plane because we …………………………. (forget) our passports.

10) She told me she ……………………… (study) a lot before the exam.